Cello Online Dynamics Chart
|Dynamics||Dynamics is a term that indicates the degree of loudness or softness in music. The following commonly used dynamic terms are listed in the order of softest to loudest.*|
|Pianississimo||As soft as possible|
|Mezzo piano||Moderately soft|
|Mezzo forte||Moderately loud|
|Fortississimo||As loud as possible|
*Although dynamics softer than ppp or louder than fff are theoretically possible, in actual practice, they are rarely used.
Additional Dynamic Terms
|Crescendo||Crescendo (cresc.) means to gradually become louder.|
|Diminuendo||Diminuendo (dim.) means to gradually become softer. The term decrescendo (decresc. or decr.) also means to become softer.|
|Accent||Emphasize the note by playing forcefully.|
|Sforzando||Play loudly with a sudden, forced emphasis.|
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